King Charles II Grants the Charter of Pennsylvania
4 March 1681
The Charter of Pennsylvania, granting William Penn authority to found the Pennsylvania colony, was granted on this day in British history, 4 March 1681. Penn’s authority to found the colony was dictated and executed with the Great Seal in a royal charter granted by King Charles II. The name Pennsylvania, which translates roughly as ‘Penn’s Woods,’ was created by combining the Penn surname (in honor of William’s father, Admiral Sir William Penn) with the Latin word ‘sylvania,’ meaning ‘forest land’. The proprietary colony’s charter remained in the hands of the Penn family until the American Revolution, when the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania was created and became one of the original thirteen colonies.
history in lyrics | charles ii + where the wind blows (coco o. of quadro)
Oh yes we all need someone
But we say we don’t need no one.
Yes we all need someone
But sometimes we need that interference.
Charles’ era is remembered as the time of “Merry Olde England”. The monarchy, although limited in scope, was successfully restored - the eleven years of Commonwealth were officially ignored as nothing more than an interregnum between the reign of Charles I and Charles II. Charles’ tolerance was astounding considering the situation of England at the time of his ascension, but was necessary for his reign to stand a chance at success. He was intelligent and a patron of scientific research, but somewhat lazy as a ruler, choosing to wait until the last moment to make a decision. The British attitude towards Charles II is humorously revealed in this quote from 1066 and All That: "Charles II was always very merry and was therefore not so much a king as a Monarch. During the civil war, he had rendered valuable assistance to his father’s side by hiding in all the oak-trees he could find. He was thus very romantic and popular and was able after the death of Cromwell to descend to the throne. (x)
Catherine of Braganza, Portuguese wife of King Charles II, Queen Consort of England, Scotland & Ireland 1662-85. D.S., Catherina R, (a particularly fine, bold example), as Queen Consort, at the head, one page, folio, Whitehall, 14th October 1679.
The manuscript document is addressed to Sir James Butler, Attorney General, and is a warrant requiring him to draw up Letters Patent (‘fitt for Our Signature’) appointing Robert Jackson ‘to be Our Particular Receivr. of Our Rents & Revenues in the County of Yorke & Lenox Lands’ with the usual fee of 2% for portage.
I love the people and the people love me, so much that they restored the English monarchy! I’m part Scottish, French, Italian, a little bit Dane but 100% party animal - Champagne? Spaniels I adored, named after me too. Like me they were fun with a nutty hair-do! Is today my birthday? I can’t recall! Lets have a party anyway because I love a masked ball! All hail the king of bling, lets sing, bells ring, ding ding. I’m the king who brought back partying!
+ favourite horrible histories songs